Civil Trial Law is an area of the law that involves private disputes and issues. Therefore, when someone sues a company that negligently harmed them then that is a civil trial law matter. Therefore, in a personal injury case, the Plaintiff seeks to be repaid for medical expensess, lost wages, pain, suffering, and mental anguish, plus physical impairment. Other civil trial law cases involve deceptive business practices, breach of contract matters, partnership disputes, insurance disputes, and property damage disputes. Contrast these civil law matters with a criminal law matter where the District Attorney is the State of Texas lawyer who prosecutes on behalf of the citizens of Texas to enforce the laws. Criminal penalties such as fines and imprisonment are the consequence. In a Civil Case, the parties seek to be paid back for the harm that was caused.
In a jury trial, the jury has discretion to award whatever sum of money they feel is reasonable and fair for the real human losses such as the suffering, and impairment. The economic losses are assessed based on documented lost wages, or estimates from experts such as economists. Medical expenses in personal injury cases for future losses can be predicted by doctors and life care planning experts.
Lawyers who have special competence in the field of civil trial law can apply for, and seek qualification as a Civil Trial Advocate. The National Board of Civil Trial Advocacy will grant board certification for lawyers who have tried several jury cases in the field of Civil Trial Law, and who are evaluated by high marks by Judges and fellow lawyers. Few lawyers in America are Nationally Board Certified in Civil Trial Law.
Joe Stephens is Nationally Board Certified in this field. He also is Board Certified in Personal Injury Trial Law, which is a subspecialty within the broader field of Civil Trial Law. Only a handful of lawyers in Texas have both certifications.